There are two parts to self-diagnosing the automatic climate control
on an 1984 300ZX. The first part deals with the input system
(sensors, etc). The second part deals with the output system (air-mix
doors, air outlet doors, actuators, etc). Both parts are activated by
shorting prongs on a connector found behind the kick panel. The
connector is white/yellow, square, has three prongs, is not connected
to anything, and has a metal bracket (with a screw hole) attached to
it. Here is what the inside of the connector housing looks like -
note the three prongs:
________ | | | | | | | | | | | |________|
Once you find the connector, short the two prongs diagonally across from each other (the top right and bottom left in the picture above). The climate control must be ON for this to work.
Look at the display. The Set Temp window will show a number between 0 and 15. You can change this number by using the temperature setting buttons. It identifies which sensor you are looking at. The number in the ambient temperature window is your diagnostic code. Here is a break down of what the numbers and codes mean:
|Set temp #||Checking Item||Diagnostic Code and Meaning|
|0||Foot temp. sensor||
Ok -if close to actual inside temp.|
2 - Open sensor
181 - Shorted sensor
|1||Heat temp. sensor|
|2||Floor duct temp. sensor|
|3||Vent duct temp. sensor|
|4||Defroster duct temp. sensor|
|5||Water temperature switch||2 - water temp is less than 104F
181 - water temp is greater than 104F
|6||Sunload sensor||32-104 OK if increases with more light|
|7||Set temp. difference||32 No difference set
90 There is 3.5F difference set
147 There is 7.0F difference set
Part 2: Output System
This is a bit more involved. Short all three prongs together. The climate control system will now cycle through all of its modes over and over again.
a) Air Mix Doors:
Set the Temperature Set number to 8 and then 9. For each setting
look at the numbers appearing in the Ambient Temperature window and
feel the air coming out of the vents. Here is what you should see
104 and fully hot air for 8 sec
86 and lukewarm air for 4 sec
68 and fully cold for 4 sec
Most likely you will not see the exact numbers above. I believe, it is ok as long as the numbers are fairly close AND the difference between fully hot and fully cold numbers is no larger then 54 and no smaller then 18
*From this point on, you no longer need to play with the set temperature buttons. You merely watch the system while it cycles through all its modes and check on things. Unfortunately, the best way to describe this part is through pictures and ASCII will not even come close. On the bright side, the rest of the tests mostly check the components that you can check by cycling your system through normal modes of operation manually. I will give a brief description. The systems are presented in the order that they are cycled through.
Watch the system cycle through the different outlets and their combinations and check that the air is coming out of the same vent as is shown on the display. Also, make sure the air temperature is right (cold or hot when ac is on or off). The system should spend 4 seconds in each of the following: defrost, demist, bi-level, vent.
c) Intake door
Whatch the intake door spring (I have not done this and don't yet know how) as the system spends 8 seconds in full recirculation, 4 seconds in partial recirculation, and 4 seconds with only outside air coming in.
d) Water cock
Watch the water cock (near the battery) and/or display, The water cock should be on for 8 seconds and off for 8 seconds
e) Compressor Clutch
Should be off for 8 seconds and on for 8 seconds. Can watch the clutch and/or the display.
f) Blower motor
Watch it increase in 3 steps from off to full blast. Feel the vents and watch the display.